UK home secretary signs new Rwanda treaty to resurrect asylum plan

KIGALI, RWANDA - DECEMBER 5: Home Secretary James Cleverly at the Kigali Genocide Memorial during his visit to sign a new treaty with Rwanda on December 5, 2023 in Kigali, Rwanda. Cleverly is in Rwanda to sign a treaty that will address concerns by the Supreme Court, including assurances that Rwanda will not remove anybody transferred under the partnership to another country. (Photo by Ben Birchall - Pool/Getty Images)

UK Home Secretary James Cleverly at the Kigali Genocide Memorial during his visit to sign a new treaty with Rwanda on December 5, 2023 in Kigali, Rwanda.Ben Birchall/Pool/Getty ImagesReuters — 

British Home Secretary James Cleverly signed a new treaty with Rwanda on Tuesday in an attempt to overcome a court decision to block the government’s controversial policy of sending asylum seekers to the East African country.

The Rwanda plan is at the center of the government’s strategy to cut migration and is being watched closely by other countries considering similar policies.

But the United Kingdom’s Supreme Court last month ruled that such a move would violate international human rights laws enshrined in domestic legislation.

Since that ruling, Britain has been seeking to renegotiate its agreement with Rwanda to include a binding treaty that it would not expel asylum seekers sent there by Britain – one of the court’s major concerns.

Cleverly, who arrived in Rwanda’s capital Kigali on Tuesday morning, met with the country’s foreign minister, Vincent Biruta, to sign the agreement.

He said there was now no “credible” reason to block the deportation flights because the treaty addressed all the issues raised by the Supreme Court and no extra money had been given to Rwanda to upgrade the deal from the existing memorandum of understanding.

“I really hope that we can now move quickly,” Cleverly told a press conference in Kigali.

Under the plan, Britain intends to send thousands of asylum seekers who arrived on its shores without permission to Rwanda to deter migrants crossing the Channel from Europe in small boats.

In return, Rwanda has received an initial payment of 140 million pounds ($180 million) with the promise of more money to fund the accommodation and care of any deported individuals.

Pressure

Prime Minister Rishi Sunak is under intense pressure to cut net migration, which hit a record 745,000 last year, and end the flow of asylum seekers who pay people smugglers for their Channel crossings, often in overcrowded, unseaworthy boats.

Britain’s immigration minister Robert Jenrick said the government had to act because those arriving on small boats were effectively breaking into the country.

“The law says you can’t enter the country illegally. If you or I crossed an international border, we literally broke into another country, we would expect to be treated very seriously,” he told Sky News.

The vast majority of those arriving in Britain came via legal routes, and the government also announced plans to cut those numbers on Monday, raising the minimum salary they must earn in a skilled job.

A Boeing 767 sits on the runway at the military base in Amesbury, Salisbury, on June 14, 2022, preparing to take a number of asylum-seekers to Rwanda. - The British government was to send a first plane carrying failed asylum seekers to Rwanda on Tuesday despite last-gasp legal bids and protests against the controversial policy. A chartered plane will land in Kigali on Tuesday, campaigners said, after UK judges rejected an appeal against the deportations. (Photo by JUSTIN TALLIS / AFP) (Photo by JUSTIN TALLIS/AFP via Getty Images)

UK plan to send asylum seekers to Rwanda blocked by Supreme Court

Ministers are also expected to publish new legislation soon, declaring Rwanda a so-called safe country, designed to stop legal challenges against the planned deportation flights.

“Stop the boats” is one of five goals Sunak set for his government before a national election expected next year.

The Supreme Court ruled the government’s scheme to send asylum seekers to Rwanda was unlawful because there was a risk that deported refugees would have their claims wrongly assessed or returned to their country of origin to face persecution.

The court said the plan breached international undertakings – including the European Convention on Human Rights, the United Nations’ Refugee Convention and Convention against Torture.

There are growing tensions in the Conservative Party over how to respond, with some members of parliament putting pressure on the government to leave the European Convention on Human Rights, after the European Court of Human Rights originally blocked deportation flights from leaving.

This year almost 29,000 people have arrived on the southern English coast without permission, after a record 45,755 were detected in 2022.

The Rwanda policy was originally announced by https://mantrasungokong.com former Prime Minister Boris Johnson last year, but no asylum seekers have been sent to the country yet.

Critics, ranging from opposition lawmakers as well as some Conservatives to church leaders and the United Nations refugee agency, have argued the policy is flawed, a waste of money, immoral and simply would not work.

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